Diversity, Flexibility and Identity. Mechanisms for Recycling Mature Tourist Destinations

Globalizing dynamic sources are making of tourist destinations, spaces each time more homogeneous, unable to respond to the tourist’s new motivation and to the specific characteristics of the territory and the local landscape. Tourist space has gone through changes, resulting in conurbations without urban structure that require new planning patterns. Despite predictions, which determine a declining process or a post-stagnation, there is a high potential of reconversion of obsolete tourist destinations based on its typological characteristics and its interaction with the territory. The new challenges faced by tourist activity: diversity of tourist resources, travel flexibility and the differentiation of the destination from the rest by enhancing its identity, are methodologically tackled by testing regional tourist dynamics experimented in one of the most paradigmatic cases of tourist coastline development, Majorca island.

Selling Global Seoul: Competitive Urban Policy and Symbolic Reconstruction of Cities

The paper focuses on a process of symbolic reconstruction of cities, where existing image or meaning of places
is purposely changed with an aim to attract new investments, events or tourists to a particular city. We try to
situate the process within the context of growing competition of cities. Symbolic reconstruction also affects
tourism development in cities as it provides an easily marketed and consumable image and meaning of places.
The case of Cheonggyecheon restoration in Seoul helps us to study how symbolic reconstruction of cities is
related to and affected by competitive urban policy of cities, urban renewal and city marketing. Observing local
consequences we conclude that while the Cheonggyecheon restoration and resulting symbolic reconstruction
helped Cheonggyecheon to become the major tourist attraction and icon of global Seoul, it also results in decline of local places and cultures, contradicting in this way its initial goals.

Venice as Pedestrian City and Tourist Magnet Mass Events and Ordinary Life

In Venice the famous network of pedestrian foot-ways deserves attention and research since has to face very
often mass events. Even the ordinary mobility has peculiar needs. The efficiency of main road and rail transportation infrastructures and of the principal hub of modal interchange, relays on the service quality of the pedestrian infrastructure in the old city. This is matter for an original investigation.

Tourism Reclaiming Urban Case Study: City Of Macau In The Pearl River Delta Region, China

The main subject of this paper is to study the use of land reclamation development in the contexts of tourism
spaces construction in its relation to consolidate urban and growing regions. Referring to the processes involved, it is relevant to analyze the interaction of massive tourism developments using urbanization based on rapid construction enhanced by land reclaimed to water. The “urbanization of water” for tourism purposes creates diverse asymmetries, raising problematic issues namely in the urban context. Among others one can find conflicts - in the limits and borders, contaminating and spreading phenomenon that formulates new in the existing, causing controversial dichotomies leading to the construction of history in detriment of consolidating past testimonials - that includes heritage and cultural aspects now replaced, reinvented and recreated in thematized urban contexts.


Harvey’s assessment of the Lefebvrian concept of the Right to the City is that it is a communal right, shared by
association with the community around the urban project. How might this idea translate to a small island nation,
recently transformed from being a rural society, headlong into a post-urban, spatially chaotic coagulation of small cities, suburbs, and landscapes of tourism consumption, or ‘Tourscapes’ ? Existing and emerging Tourscapes can be mapped and analysed, at different but simultaneous scales, related to their local, city or regional importance, and the meanings of these in the visual and spatial order can be reviewed. This work will propose exploratory scenarios for addressing tourism related spatial practice, using Irish Case Study examples, and also will investigate how communal rights to Tourscapes could be claimed or exercised, for use by the broad community around the analysis, management, control and proposition of spatial form.

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