An Implicit Plan. Landscape, Art and Lanzarote’s Tourism Development (1960-1974)

Despite the inexistence of a formal plan, a series of underlying factors generated a project that hoped to hybridize tourism and landscape by safeguarding and protecting Lanzarote´s environment as well as adapting the region to this economic activity. So as to remain faithful to the Island´s nature, solutions were not adopted as isolated fragments but as part of a comprehensive system. This resulted in an outstanding model of human interaction with the environment while creating a different and competitive image within the tourism market.

Foresight as an Innovative Tool for Designing Tourist Destinations

Foresight is a relatively new field of study which initially arose to make provisions for the future in science and
technology, but nowadays it is increasingly being used in territorial issues. Although the use of foresight tools in
the tourism realm has been limited, there is a growing need to manage the increasing uncertainty that surrounds
tourism development. Based on these premises, this paper tries to prove the capability of foresight tools to
anticipate the impacts of complex global challenges on the tourism field. This assumption is tested through a future vision exercise which explores the evolution of tourism demand segments and its implications in planning tourism destinations. Two major demand segments are visualised for the year 2020 horizon: “Niche and Innovative Demand” and “Massive and Predictable Demand”. For both segments, the tourism consumption chain value is displayed and spatial design guidelines are recommended for sun and beach destinations.

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